The design of a chemical glass reactor includes a mechanism that will regulate the pressure and temperature. The chemical components are subjected to a given condition to ensure proper working of the components that are involved in the particular chemical reaction. Some of the design considerations are:
The reactants are enclosed in a vessel which houses the chemical reagents. The reagents are subjected to different optimal conditions that guarantee the best chemical reactions. For instance, the chemists can provide activators, including enzymes that will accelerate the rate of the reaction.
– Discharge Valves.
They are included in the part of the controls. When the reagents pass through the different reaction conditions, they increase in volume. This increased volume has to be controlled through the discharge valves. Safety measures should be incorporated when using discharge valves to prevent accidents.
– Temperature Regulation.
For a chemical reaction to proceed fast, then you have to consider temperature control. A chemical reactor design has to incorporate this mechanism. A great advantage is that modern chemical reactors have automated systems that ensure the process of temperature regulation is fast and easy.
Different Chemical Reactor Types
Below are the different designs of chemical reactors.
different chemical reactor
1. Batch Reactor.
This is the simplest type of batch reactor where the materials are filled into the batch reactor then the reaction progresses with time. The reaction in a batch reactor does not reach a steady-state hence the control of pressure and temperature is crucial. Due to this factor, batch reactors have ports for sensors as well as material input and output.
Batch reactors are used in small scale production as well as reaction with biological materials such as the production of enzymes. Batch reactors are also used by scientists to carry out controlled processes in a small environment, and then it can be decided whether to be deployed on large scale production.
2. Continuous Stirred-Tank Reactor.
In CSTR, the reactions take place in several channels, and one or more reagents are loaded into a tank reactor that is stirred using an impeller to guarantee the proper mixing of the reagents. When the volume of the tank is divided by the average volumetric flow rate to the tank, then you get the time that is required to process one volume of fluid. Furthermore, if you use the chemical kinetics, then you can calculate the reaction’s expected percentage completion.